Category Archives: reading instruction

Success in Teaching Reading the Mississippi Way – Emphasis on Phonics, Decoding, & Comprehension Leads to No. 1 Ranking

Logo of Mississippi Higher Education Literacy CouncilResources on the Mississippi Higher Education Literacy Council emphasize Phonological Awareness, the Alphabetic Principle, Decoding,Vocabulary Comprehension, Writing Instruction, Assessment, Intervention, and more. (Click on Science of Reading Syllabus.)

Image of Mississippi score gains 2019According to an opinion column from the New York Times, “The states’s reliance on cognitive science explains why…” fourth- and eighth-grade achievement in reading and math show that Mississippi now ranks No. 1 in Nation for Score Gains on National Assessment of Educational Progress. which means that it made more progress in these categories than any other state.

Read the full New York Times opinion article, There is a Right Way to Teach Reading, and Mississippi Knows It,  by Emily Hanford, December 5, 2019. Downloaded Dec 6, 2019.

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Using the PIAAC Literacy Framework to Guide Instruction: An Introduction for Adult Educators

The introduction to the PIAAC Literacy Freamwork to Guide Instruction: An  Inroduction for Adult Educators by Amy Trawick (January 2017) reveals the following facts about adult education and literacy for adults in the U.S.:

Piaac literacy framework

“In general, the average score for adults in the United States was not significantly different from the international
average in reading literacy (Rampey, Finnegan, Goodman, Mohadjer, Krenzke, Hogan, &
Provasnik, 2016). However, the overall average conceals results of great concern:

  • A larger percentage of U.S. adults scored in the very lowest levels for reading literacy, compared to the international cohort;
  • U.S. adults with less than a high school diploma scored lower than their peers
  • While only 9% of Whites in the U.S. scored at the lowest levels of proficiency, 33% of Blacks and 40% of Hispanics performed at these levels;
  • Roughly 75% of unemployed adults (age 16-65) in the U.S. have less than a high
    school credential as their highest education level, and a third of these perform at the lowest levels in reading literacy; and
  • Adults with the lowest literacy scores were more likely to report a poor health status and more limited civic engagement (Rampey et al., 2016).”

The resource contains the following information for instructors in terms of WIOA requirements for teaching reading and Standards Based Instruction:


  • Definition for Literacy
  • Basic Task Elements: Contexts, Content, and Cognitive Strategies
    • Contexts
    • Content
    • Cognitive Strategies
    • Factors Affecting Task Difficulty


  • Phase 1: Contextualize the Skill Instruction, Using the Basic PIAAC Framework Elements
  • Phase 2: Incorporate the Factors Affecting Task Difficulty
  • Phase 3: Embed and Sequence Instruction in the Most Relevant Skills
  • Putting It All Together

Click here to learn more about the document.

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