Using the PIAAC Literacy Framework to Guide Instruction: An Introduction for Adult Educators

The introduction to the PIAAC Literacy Freamwork to Guide Instruction: An  Inroduction for Adult Educators by Amy Trawick (January 2017) reveals the following facts about adult education and literacy for adults in the U.S.:

Piaac literacy framework

“In general, the average score for adults in the United States was not significantly different from the international
average in reading literacy (Rampey, Finnegan, Goodman, Mohadjer, Krenzke, Hogan, &
Provasnik, 2016). However, the overall average conceals results of great concern:

  • A larger percentage of U.S. adults scored in the very lowest levels for reading literacy, compared to the international cohort;
  • U.S. adults with less than a high school diploma scored lower than their peers
    internationally;
  • While only 9% of Whites in the U.S. scored at the lowest levels of proficiency, 33% of Blacks and 40% of Hispanics performed at these levels;
  • Roughly 75% of unemployed adults (age 16-65) in the U.S. have less than a high
    school credential as their highest education level, and a third of these perform at the lowest levels in reading literacy; and
  • Adults with the lowest literacy scores were more likely to report a poor health status and more limited civic engagement (Rampey et al., 2016).”

The resource contains the following information for instructors in terms of WIOA requirements for teaching reading and Standards Based Instruction:

SECTION II: THE BUILDING BLOCKS OF THE PIAAC LITERACY FRAMEWORK

  • Definition for Literacy
  • Basic Task Elements: Contexts, Content, and Cognitive Strategies
    • Contexts
    • Content
    • Cognitive Strategies
    • Factors Affecting Task Difficulty

SECTION III: TEACHING AND LEARNING WITH PIAAC LITERACY TOOLS

  • Phase 1: Contextualize the Skill Instruction, Using the Basic PIAAC Framework Elements
  • Phase 2: Incorporate the Factors Affecting Task Difficulty
  • Phase 3: Embed and Sequence Instruction in the Most Relevant Skills
  • Putting It All Together

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